Tagged: Africa

“Evidence of the oldest recognizable monarchy in human history, preceding the rise of the earliest Egyptian kings by several generations, has been discovered in in artifacts from ancient Nubia in Africa. Until now it has been assumed that at the time the ancient Nubian culture, which existed in what is now northern Sudan and southern Egypt, had not advanced beyond a collection of scattered tribal clans and chiefdoms. The existence of rule by kings indicates a more advanced form of political organization in which many chiefdoms are united under a more powerful and wealthier ruler. The discovery is expected to stimulate a new appraisal of the origins of civilization in Africa, raising the question of to what extent later Egyptian culture may have derived its advanced political structure from the Nubians.”

I was born five years after this article was published, yet I am learning for the first time, that the New York Times published this information nearly four decades ago. Smdh! Why isn’t this mentioned in the Bible? Why isn’t this information being taught in our schools?

Source: Boyce Rensberger. “Ancient Nubian Artifacts Yield Evidence of Earliest Monarchy.” The New York Times. March 1, 1979. http://www.nytimes.com/1979/03/01/archives/ancient-nubian-artifacts-yield-evidence-of-earliest-monarchy-clues.html.

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Benjamin Issac’s “The Invention of Racism in Classical Antiquity”

The Invention of Racism in Classical Intiquity

Minutes ago, I learned about the existence of this book and it’s crazy to me because when I made the decision to take legal action against William Morris, one of the most important questions I wanted to answer was: How and why did/does white racism begin/still exist [if original man was black and dominated the world for centuries “before [and after the “birth” of] Christ”]? 

So far, Dr. Frances Cress-Welsing has done the best job in helping me understand this issue with her color confrontation theory, which addresses their fear of “white genetic annihilation” and discusses global white supremacy as a system of oppression against the indigenous peoples of the world that operates in all areas of human activity (e.g religion, law, entertainment, education, government, military, etc.) for the ultimate purpose of maintaining their genetic survival.

While writing this post, I did more research on the book. The Princeton Press writes:

There was racism in the ancient world, after all. This groundbreaking book refutes the common belief that the ancient Greeks and Romans harbored “ethnic and cultural,” but not racial, prejudice. It does so by comprehensively tracing the intellectual origins of racism back to classical antiquity. Benjamin Isaac’s systematic analysis of ancient social prejudices and stereotypes reveals that some of those represent prototypes of racism–or proto-racism–which in turn inspired the early modern authors who developed the more familiar racist ideas. He considers the literature from classical Greece to late antiquity in a quest for the various forms of the discriminatory stereotypes and social hatred that have played such an important role in recent history and continue to do so in modern society.

Magisterial in scope and scholarship, and engagingly written, The Invention of Racism in Classical Antiquity further suggests that an understanding of ancient attitudes toward other peoples sheds light not only on Greco-Roman imperialism and the ideology of enslavement (and the concomitant integration or non-integration) of foreigners in those societies, but also on the disintegration of the Roman Empire and on more recent imperialism as well. The first part considers general themes in the history of discrimination; the second provides a detailed analysis of proto-racism and prejudices toward particular groups of foreigners in the Greco-Roman world. The last chapter concerns Jews in the ancient world, thus placing anti-Semitism in a broader context.

Benjamin Isaac is Lessing Professor of Ancient History at the University of Tel Aviv. He is a member of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities and the author of The Limits of Empire: The Roman Army in the East.

I’m really excited about reading this book! It will be the first book I read in 2018!!

“A highly controversial interpretation by Martin Bernal argues that the Greeks borrowed many of their concepts about government, philosophy, the arts, sciences and medicine from ancient Egypt. Furthermore, the Egyptians, geographically located in North Africa, were an African people, and the origins of Western culture are therefore African. Though they recognize the interactions between Egyptians and Greeks, Bernal’s critics contend that he greatly overemphasizes Egypt’s influence on ancient Greece. While historians continue to debate the matter, tentative findings indicate that Egyptian-Greek contacts, particularly in Crete, introduced the Greeks to Egyptian knowledge and art.”

Dr. John Henrik Clarke, Dr. Yosef ben-Jochannan, John G. Jackson, Ivan Van Sertima and many other black pan-Africanists have also said the same thing as Bernal, but they were always labeled “racist” or “black supremacists” for trying to correct the record and state historical facts.

Source: Foundations of Education. pg. 63.

“Americans should anticipate more military operations in Africa as the war on terrorism continues to morph, Sen. Lindsey Graham warned Friday. ‘This war is getting hot in places that it’s been cool, and we’ve got to go where the enemy takes us,’ Graham told reporters on Capitol Hill.”

There has been a war on Afrika and people of Afrikan descent for more than 400 years! This must stop!!!

Source: Sophie Tatum. CNN. October 20, 2017. http://edition.cnn.com/2017/10/20/politics/lindsey-graham-increase-military-operations/index.html

Beyoncé channels Yoruba Goddess Oshun.

beyonce%20grammys%202017%20performance

I loved Bey’s performance at the GRAMMYs on Sunday. I loved it even more because one of the two songs performed, was co-written by my good friend Ingrid Burley!

Some people are saying that Bey’s look was inspired by the Yoruba goddess Oshun. The Yoruba people are “descendants from variety of West African communities” who are “united by geography, history, religion and most importantly language.” The main countries where the Yoruba people live are Nigeria, Togo and Benin. In their religion, Oshun is the “goddess of water, fertility, motherhood, and the passing of the generations.” This deity is also responsible for blessing women with twins. As you [may] know, Bey is pregnant with twins. For more information on the Yoruba, click here.

I’ve always loved Bey, but I love her even more for continuing to use her platform to help [re]awaken the psyche of Africans, especially those living in the United States of America.

More pics from her performance are below:

“When Arab merchants came to the Sudan, about 1000 A.D., they already found a well-arranged system of commerce. When the Arabs first visited Negroland by the Western route in the 8th and 9th centuries of our era, they found the black kings of Ghana in the height of their prosperity.”

Dr. Yosef ben-Jochannan includes this quote in his book, Black Man of the Nile. It was made by Captain [Lord] Lugard’s wife, Lady Flora Shaw Lugard.

This is my first time learning that Europeans once called Africa “Negroland.” Crazy. As a footnote on page 99, Dr. ben-Jochannan states:

“NEGROLAND,” the word underscored in Lady Lugard’s comments about Ghana, was a creation of the imagination of the colonialist Europeans before Lady Lugard’s era. It was incorporated on maps by Europeans such as her husband. Captain [Lord] Lugard, like Cecil Rhodes and King Leopold II of the Belgians, was responsible for the murder of millions of Africans that was not equaled even by Adolph Hitler and his Nazis at the height of their massacre of the European Jews. It is conservatively estimated that between them they had killed more than 100 million Africans in their question for control of the natural resources of the Afrians in their own continent — Alkebu-an [AFRICA]. (emphasis added)

If these genocidal acts do not constitute as crimes against humanity, then what does? Oh, I forgot….we AREN’T HUMAN IN THEIR MINDS so no answer is necessary. Enough is enough. Reparations are in order!

new books to add to my collection.

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I’ve read earlier works from each author, so I’m excited to start reading these books!