“The existentialist author Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980) stated that ‘Existence precedes Essence.’ Sartre, a playwright and philosopher, emphasized the role of human imagination as a wag of knowing and feeing. For Sartre, we are born into a word we did not choose to be in and that we did not make. However,we posses the personal power, the will, to make choices and to create our own purposes for existence. We are thrust into choice-making situations. Some choices are trivial, but those that does with the purpose and meaning of life to personal self-definition.”

Source: Foundations of Education. 11th ed. pg. 180.


“[John] Dewey argued that we cannot rely on tradition in education; we need to test educational programs to see whether they really have the results that we want. Did a particular educational program, curricular design, or methodological strategy achieve its anticipated goals and objectives? Since we and the environment are constantly changing, a curriculum based on supposedly permanent realities or universal truth is untenable. Our decision making can be guided only by our experience. Any claim to truth is really a tentative assertion that we can revise as we do more research. What we need, say pragmatists, is a socially and scientifically intelligent method that gives us some direction in a constantly changing reality.”

Source: Foundations of Education. pg. 177.

“[I]dealism seeks to create schools that are intellectual centers of teaching and learning. It says teachers as vital agents in the guiding students to realize their fullest intellectual potential, and it encourages teachers and their students to a encounter and appreciate the finest and most enduring achievements of the culture. Teachers introduce students to the classics — great and enduring works of art, literature, and music — so they can experience and share in the time-tested cultural values these works convey.”

Source: Foundations of Education. pg. 172. 11th ed.

“Nefertari is the queen mother of [ancient Egypt’s] third golden age. She was married to pharaoh Ahmose, and is sometimes referred to as Ahmose-Nefertari. You can see that she’s clearly black, but she’s also a part of that Waset family. Showing again the southern origin of leadership. Here you have this key dynasty — the 18th — which is sometimes called the ‘Grand Golden Age,’ the biggest of all the four golden ages. The age of imperial expansion, the age of architectural expansion and so forth, so she would be one of the major figures illustrating this point about the up-south nature of the [country’s] leadership.”


This image is absolutely stunning and is located at the Fresco Ägyptisches Museum in Berlin, Germany.

Source: Dr. Asa Hilliard’s Master Keys interview. 1990.