“Yet stratification and segregation persist along race and sex lines both in the overall American workplace and in some industries and some organizations more than others. Just a quick glance at recent research tells us this much. Before the Civil Rights Act, black men, black women, and white women almost never held the same job in the same workplace as white men. That changed in the 1960s, when black men made strong gains in skilled blue-collar jobs and black women made gains in clerical work. But in 1980, occupational integration stalled, and since then in some cases has taken a step backward. Transportation services, media and motion pictures, construction, securities and commodities brokerages all reflect a trend toward resegregation today. Women of all races have also made inroads into men’s jobs since the 1960s, but segregation and stratification persist. Half of women or men in this country would have to change occupations for there to be gender parity across occupations. And segregation is directly related to the pay gap. Women’s median earnings are less than men’s in nearly all occupations, and occupations dominated by men tend to pay more than occupations that are female dominated.”

“Media and motion picture” = Hollywood (e.g. talent agencies like William Morris Entertainment and Creative Artists Agency,  TV networks, film studios, Netflix, various publications, etc.).

Source: Tristin K. Greene. Discrimination Laundering: The Rise of Organizational Innocence and and the Crisis of Equal Opportunity Law. pg. 4. 2016.


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