“A man has to act like a brother before you can call him a brother. You made a very good point, really, that needs some clarification. If you are the son of a man who had a wealthy estate and you inherit your father’s estate, you have to pay off the debts that your father incurred before he died. The only reason that the present generation of white Americans are in the position of economic strength that they are is because their fathers worked our fathers for over 400 years with no pay. For over 400 years we worked for nothing. We were sold from plantation to plantation like you sell a horse, or a cow, or a chicken, or a bushel of wheat. It was your fathers that did it to our fathers, and all of that money that piled up from the sale of my mother and my grandmother and my great-grandmother is what gives the present generation of American whites [the ability] to walk around the earth with their chest out; you know, like they have some kind of economic ingenuity. Your father isn’t here to pay his debts. My father isn’t here to collect. But I’m here to collect and you’re here to pay.” — Malcolm X

Source: Malcolm X. By Any Means Necessary. pg. 123. Stated during the question and answer period following his lecture titled “The Black Struggle In the United States” given at the Salle de la Mutualite on November 23, 1964 in Paris, France. Question asked: “If it was our white ancestors who bought you and enslaved you, we are their children. We are the new generation. Why don’t you call us brothers?”

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